the Coat-of-Arms of England. This does not seem convincing to me. I cannot picture this New Englander having such a picture. It could be it was the arms of a maternal ancestor, such as Bishop, as his mother was daughter of the Deputy Governor of Connecticut.
Briefly, with one exception, I know of but one instance of a descendant of Samuel (2) who had a coat-of-arms in the family. This was Horace Maltby, born in 1831; at the age of 85, he wrote "The seal of his coat of arms was a cow." (He was a grandson of Jonathan (4), grandson of Samuel (2). In another letter, I was told the "coat- of-arms had 3 cows on it." There are various coats with calves or calves heads--one, which comes to mind is Metcalf. At the same time "three cows heads" suggest the "three hinds heads of Malebis (Malbys)."
In the States we have to contend with the fact that there were unscrupulous dealers foistering off coats-of-arms as purely a finan- cial venture. This may well apply to the following families who used the Maltby coat of three wheat sheaves. Apparently all of these families descend from the sons of Benjamin (3) Maltby (Daniel (2), Wm. (1)) with the exception of Mr. Ulric Z. Maltby, whose great- grandfather was Samuel (4) Maltby. (See further.)
All four sons of Benjamin (3), viz: Benjamin, Jonathan, Isaac and Stephen--had the arms with "three wheat sheaves."
A copy of General Isaac (4) Maltby's coat of arms is before me. Silver shield (argent) with the red (gules) bend. The gold wheat sheaves are perpendicular on the bend--the only example I have ever seen where the sheaves were not also horizontal. Above the shield is a black helmet (full face, representing steel and visor is thrown back, and without bars. This is the helmet of knights and Baronets). The helmet is surmounted by a "Cap of Maintenana" (red velvet, turned up ermine) over all is a gold sheaf of wheat, bended gules."
Motto, "Quod Serveris Motis." (Thou shall reap what thou hast sown). This motto is interesting as it is given for "Bliss of Chipping Nor- ton, Oxfordshire."
In English "Notes and Queries" Miss E. Cope gave the arms of "Blisse or Blyse of Chipping Norton, Oxford. "Argent, on a bend cottissed azure (blue) 3 garbs or. Crest a garb or."
Note. This description is exactly the same as the arms of Sir Nicholas Malby with the exception that Bliss has blue where Sir Nicholas Malby has red. Alson we must note that Sir Nicholas Malby's son, Henry Malby, was of New College, Oxon, (Oxford), 15 June 1582, ae. 13.
General Isaac's coat-of-arms is much the same that I have which belonged to my grandfather, George Williams Maltby who was grandson of Colonel Stephen Maltby. "argent on a bend gules, 3 garbs or." Surmounted by a cap of Maintenance (red velvet, turned up ermine) over all a gold sheaf of wheat, banded gules.
Five generations having used this coat, it probably would be- long to the class denoted as "by right of usage."
Harry Speight in his "Upper Wharfaedale," Yorks, gives an example of "Adoption of Arms." "Sir Robert Plumpton who died 1295, was the first of the family to give up the use of the device figured on the seals of his predecessors, namely, a man riding on a lion crowned,